The first crusade (1095–1099) was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to recapture the holy land, called for by pope urban ii at the council of clermont in 1095 urban called for a military expedition to aid the byzantine empire , which had recently lost most of anatolia to the seljuq turks. Pope urban ii went on his preaching tour in 1095-96, but there was little control over other preachers this meant that popular evangelisers, such as peter the hermit, would recruit the type of participants the pope didn't want (old/poor/women. The role of pope urban ii in the first crusade was essential and critical in fact, as the leader of the roman catholic church, he was primarily responsible for convincing and inspiring european christians to take up arms to reclaim the holy land of jerusalem from the muslims.
A discussion of the role of pope urban ii in the first crusade and the reasons why he supported and promoted the armed expedition pope urban ii convinced europeans to participate in the crusades through a promise of remission of sins these texts and documents have common elements and themes that give a broader idea about the role. Lastly, on november 27, 1095, pope urban ii ordered the first crusade giving one of the most important speeches in history, pope urban ii rallied christian men to take back the holy land back from the muslims.
1095 pope urban ii launches the first crusade waves of pilgrims and soldiers embarked for the holy land, beginning an era of exploration, conquest, defeat, and folly the new pope, urban ii. Start studying crusades: (call to crusade) how did religious belief motivate people to go on a crusade learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Pope urban ii (latin: urbanus ii c 1035 – 29 july 1099), born odo of châtillon or otho de lagery, was pope from 12 march 1088 to his death in 1099 before his papacy he was the bishop of ostia under the name eudes. Other europeans encouraged the crusades to control key trade routes between africa, asia and europe what assurance did pope urban ii give the people who volunteered to fight in the crusade he granted forgiveness of all sins to those who died in battle thus assuring them ascendancy into heaven.
Urban ii made “deus vult” the battle cry of the crusades why the crusaders went the pope’s representatives then traversed europe, recruiting people to go to palestine. Cbncom-- : urban ii (1088-1099): speech at council of clermont, 1095, five versions of the speech in 1094 or 1095, alexios i komnenos, the byzantine emperor, sent to the pope, urban ii, and asked for aid from the west against the seljuq turks, who taken nearly all of asia minor from him.
However, pope urban ii lifted the excommunication when he became pope in 1088, thus creating a diplomatic relationship between the west and the east during the council of piacenza, the byzantine emperor asked the church and the west to extend military support to defend his empire from the invading muslim seljuk turks. An idea promoted by pope urban ii at the end of the 11th century continues to resonate in modern politics jonathan phillips traces the 800-year history of ‘crusade’ and its power as a concept that shows no sign of diminishing.